A new high class cancer research center has been launched recently in Australia. The new center is going to offer scientists the ability for further understating for the several forms of the disease. Scientists are going to study cancer from the overlooked perspective that it is "actually two diseases"
The new research center is The Lowy Cancer Research Centre (LCRC), a $127 million facility which was established on the ground of University of New South Wales in Sidney, the center is about to host about 400 scientists. LCRC director, Professor Phil Hogg, mentioned that the new center will provide cancer researches for both types affecting children and adults, aiming to produce new facts about the disease. The professor said "The general perception is that they are the same disease but they are not, there are actually two diseases," he added "Childhood cancer is a disease of development and adult cancer is largely a disease of ageing so the way they start, the way they develop and the way they are treated is very different."
Professor Hogg also mentioned that when scientists realized that there are two major types of cancers, those affecting children and other affecting adults, they started moving on two different steams of research, and medications, over the decades. He continued saying that "Commonalities" were also now appearing, as the recent genetic studies were showing that common genes and proteins are playing roles in developing cancers in children and adults. He added that when similarities are found they can guide scientists to medications that could cross over. For instance, leukemia is rarely occurring in adults, yet, a medication used to treat children from the disease is being trialed for use in adults having lung cancer.
Professor Hogg stated "Researchers working in the separate fields tend to think about cancer in a different way," he continued "Getting us together under the one roof, we'll come up with ideas, research directions, (and) discoveries that we probably wouldn't have made working separately." He mentioned that currently, scientists have been able to significantly understand cancer in children, which resulted in treatment and survival of nearly 70% of such cases. The Australian Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd, opened the new center, he commented "We lose 40,000 members of our Australian family a year through cancer, that is a lot of people," he added "A hundred thousand Australians each year receive a diagnosis of one form of cancer or another." He greeted the opening of the new LCRC, saying that it was a sign of "determination and hope to do something about it".